Growing evidence from multiple studies has indicated an association between eating disorders and female sexual dysfunction (FSD). This means that women who struggle with an eating disorder may also struggle with FSD, and vice versa. Certainly, not all women with an eating disorder also experience FSD, but the symptoms of these two conditions co-occur in individuals often enough to warrant closer investigation.
Spinal cord injuries can cause changes in the body that impact a person’s sexual function. People with spinal cord injuries may experience a loss of motor function, sense of touch, and sexual reflexes, depending on the severity of their injury. These changes can affect orgasms, erections, ejaculation, and vaginal lubrication.
Increasingly, health care providers use validated questionnaires to collect patient-reported outcomes to evaluate patients’ symptoms and guide possible treatment plans. The female sexual function index (FSFI) is a widely used validated questionnaire that is considered the gold standard for assessing female sexual dysfunction.
Yes, there is a strong link between erectile dysfunction (ED) and heart disease. The two conditions, while seemingly unrelated, have several overlapping risk factors, causes, and prevention strategies.
Social determinants of health (SDOH) are defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as “the conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play that affect a wide range of health and quality-of-life risks and outcomes” (Kim et al., 2022).
Receiving a cancer diagnosis of any kind can be very difficult and distressing, both for the patient and their loved ones. Naturally, pursuing treatment for the cancer is usually an individual’s top priority at the time of diagnosis, often overshadowing other concerns and lifestyle considerations. As such, many patients are unaware that cancer and its treatment can affect their sexual function until they are in the midst of it.
BDSM (bondage-discipline, dominance-submission, and/or sadism-masochism) is generally used as an umbrella term for consensual sexual activities that involve bondage, roughness, pain, or a power dynamic between a dominant and submissive partner. Historically, BDSM practices have been viewed as subversive, taboo, and even as an indication of psychological abnormality or unwellness.
In short, yes. When individuals are experiencing sexual difficulties or sexual dysfunction, they often assume the cause is physical. Certainly, many physical conditions can contribute to sexual dysfunction including diabetes, heart disease, vascular issues, pelvic floor disorders, hormonal imbalances, neurological issues, and other chronic conditions. However, the role that mental health plays in a person’s sexual function should not be underestimated.
With intense grief and sadness, we say farewell to our respectful colleague, admirable person, and friend.
Professor Ellen T.M. Laan died on January 22, 2022, in the presence of her loved ones, after a long confrontation with cancer. Prof Laan was an inspiration to many of us.
Ellen was a registered Healthcare Psychologist, licensed sexologist, and head of the Department of Sexology and Psychosomatic Gynecology at the Amsterdam University Medical Center.
Ellen was born on April 3, 1962, in Abbekerk a small rural village, and attended high school at Schagen. After a short period studying Dutch language and literature, she moved to Psychology where she graduated cum laude in 1988 from the University of Amsterdam, after which she began her doctoral studies at the department of Professor Walter Everaerd. In 1994 she obtained her PhD degree cum laude with research on female sexuality. Her thesis was titled “Determinants of sexual arousal in women: Genital and subjective components of sexual response”. Her research into the psychophysiological measurement of vaginal reaction to sexual stimuli with plethysmography was ground-breaking.
The results clarified that physiological (objective) arousal and subjective arousal do not always go together (disconcordance) and that women, with the right sexual stimulation and context, are fully able to respond with increased blood flow and lubrication. This knowledge opened the door to many scientific presentations, research activities, and media attention. In addition, she conducted scientific research on many other topics, including the influence of hormones on sexuality, ‘pelvic floor and sexuality’ and ‘sexual functioning in cancer patients’ with more than 150 peer-reviewed publications and more than 50 book chapters.
In 2009 she became a Principal Investigator of the Department of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Medical Center (AMC), University of Amsterdam.
Except for her ongoing research and accompaniment of PhD research, she was always critical of the quality of research and published studies and frequently wrote comments on publications. With other leading female sexology researchers, she fought at the FDA for equality of "sexual medication" for women and men, but she also vehemently resisted the marketing of unsound medication that was claimed to increase women's sex drive. This activist side continued to develop and she increasingly pasteurized her advocacy of female sexual pleasure and sexual equality between women and men. She became more and more visible in the various public media and on social media. Many interviews can be found in newspapers, magazines, and podcasts. Until the very end, she continued to spread her messages.
Education was also very important to her. In Ellen’s opinion, all health care professionals need to have basic knowledge of sexology and have broader and open attitudes toward sexuality. She contributed much to the knowledge of both students and experienced professionals. Gradually the general public got ample opportunities to learn from Ellen’s enthusiasm and knowledge on sexuality and sexual pleasure. With Rik van Lunsen she published in Dutch the popular book ‘Sex; life-long learning!’ to provide evidence-based information in understandable language on sex and sexuality. A new book of both of them is intended to follow soon. One of the highlights of public awareness was her performance during the ‘Lowlands’ rock festival where her nickname 'The Godmother of Dutch sexology’ was settled.
In her advocacy role, Ellen was a mother for thousands of girls and young women, telling them not to accept dyspareunia and to claim pleasure and proper lubrication. In that role she could be very warm, but also very straightforward, using winged statements like 'Only men have vaginal orgasms!’.
Ellen was not only involved with awareness and sexual wellbeing but also strongly committed to her patients who often faced complex problems. Under the leadership of Rik van Lunsen, the previous head of the AMC department where she started her clinical career, she integrated the bio-psycho-social approach. It was clear that she had a big heart for the patients who often had nowhere else to turn. For this reason, she continued to provide patient care for as long as possible.
With all her knowledge, research, efforts, and activism she was nominated in 2016 as Professor of Biopsychosocial Determinants of Sexual Health at the Department of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, University of Amsterdam. In 2018 she established “Sexual Wellness Netherlands”. A foundation aiming to disseminate evidence-based knowledge to professionals and the public.
Professor Laan was a board member of the Dutch Scientific socity of Sexology (NVVS). In her role as an internationally recognized expert and key opinion leader Professor Laan has served in several internationally high-profile positions with a high impact on Sexual Medicine. She was deeply involved in the International Society for the Study of Women’s Sexual Health, where she served on the Board of Directors from 2002-2004 & 2007-2010. She has served as a member of the Scientific Committee of the European Society for Sexual Medicine from 2001-2009. In the International Society for Sexual Medicine (ISSM) professor Laan has contributed in many important positions. She served on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd International Consultation of Sexual Medicine (ICSM) where world recognized researchers meet. She was a long time (2007-2011) member of the ISSM standard committee which together with the ICSM is where experts meet to update current knowledge in the field of sexual medicine. Furthermore, she has served on several other experts’ panels in ISSM and on the editorial board (2008-2012) of the Journal of Sexual Medicine.
During her career, Ellen received various awards and recognitions, too many to mention them all. She was an honorary member of the Dutch NVVS and holds an honorary doctorate from the Catholic University Leuven in Belgium. In her last months, Ellen was rewarded with the ESSM Lifetime Achievement Award and she received Royal Honor, being knighted in the Order of the Dutch Lion. Even in her terminal state, she was able to intensely enjoy these recognitions and achievements.
Ellen was important for scientific development in sexology and the promotion of sexual well-being in the Netherlands and abroad. With her work and unrelenting enthusiasm for the profession, she entered the broad field of sexology by combining high-quality scientific research with education and patient care. She was an example of truly translational sexology, something that not many colleagues succeed to pursue.
She was a special and courageous person, who accepted life and her illness as it was. A bald head from chemotherapy didn't stop her from an extensive TV interview without a wig and when she knew she was going to die, her reaction was: “That's just how it is. I've had a wonderful life!”.
In addition to all of this, Ellen was a warm and committed person. Even criticism she was giving first to herself and then to others. One of her citations was “Feedback is the best gift you can give someone!”. She worked hard but still could be deeply involved with her family and her loved ones, especially Mario her partner, and her daughters Leah and Britt. She was very committed and continued giving personal attention to her colleagues and PhD-students. Until the end, she remained interested in their situations and tried to support and encourage them.
With intense grief and sadness, we say farewell to our respectful colleague, admirable person, and friend. Ellen was an inspiration to many of us. We wish her husband Mario, her daughters, her family, her colleagues, and her friends a lot of strength with this great loss.
We all will miss her!
Infertility is a condition in which a couple is unable to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term after one year of consistent vaginal intercourse. It is estimated to affect 12-16% of couples worldwide, and its diagnosis and treatment are often accompanied by several emotional, physical, and relational stressors.
Erectile dysfunction (ED), or the inability to get or maintain an erection firm enough for satisfactory sexual activity, is a relatively common condition that affects men worldwide. In recent years, researchers have been testing the efficacy of restorative therapies aimed at regenerating damaged tissues, vessels, and nerves that may be contributing to ED. One such therapy is low-intensity shockwave therapy (LiST).
Menopause is a major life transition for many women, often bringing unexpected changes in sexual function. Postmenopausal women may face factors such as genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), and pelvic organ prolapse (POP), which are changes associated with decreased estrogen levels and, in the case of POP, weakened pelvic floor muscles. They may also be dealing with chronic conditions that they developed later in life.