Consequences of Anabolic Steroids Abuse
“The anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are a family of hormones that includes testosterone and its derivatives. These substances have been abused by elite athletes since the 1950s, but their use did not become widespread in the general population until the 1980s. Thus, knowledge of the medical and behavioral effects of illicit AAS use is still evolving.
There is some evidence that the use of AAS may be associated with premature mortality (especially cardiovascular). There is stronger evidence also of suppressed spermatogenesis, gynecomastia, and virilization. Behavioral effects of AAS may include hypomanic or manic symptoms, sometimes accompanied by aggression or violence, which usually occur while taking AAS, and depressive symptoms occurring during AAS withdrawal.
The general population including athletes should be educated about the adverse events of the widespread use of AAS.”