In August 2012, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued a policy statement on circumcision, stating that the “preventive health benefits of elective circumcision outweigh the risks of the procedure.” The AAP explains that the health benefits are “not great enough to recommend routine circumcision for all male newborns.” However, the benefits are enough to justify the availability of circumcision for families who choose it. Circumcisions should be performed by trained professionals in sterile conditions.
The AAP policy has sparked controversy. Some opponents say that circumcision is unnecessary, that the potential health benefits of circumcision can be achieved in other ways (such as good hygiene and safe sex practices) and that circumcision is a violation of a child’s rights. Some believe that sexual pleasure is greater for uncircumcised men.