Common treatments include:
Surgery. Prostatectomy involves removal of the prostate gland. Some men experience incontinence and erectile dysfunction following prostatectomy.
Radiation. External beam radiation uses x-rays from outside the body to attack the cancer cells. Brachytherapy is another approach that places radioactive “seeds” directly into the body.
Hormonal therapy. Because prostate cancer cells feed on testosterone, this therapy aims to reduce testosterone levels.
Chemotherapy. Combinations of drugs are used to attack cancer cells, usually in men whose cancer has spread.